Tomato Brown Rugose Fruit Virus (ToBRFV)

  • ToBRFV, a Tobamovirus; is a robust virus which is transmittable by contact and can therefore be spread through mechanical contact such as direct plant to plant contact, tools, clothing and even bumblebees.
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Tomato Brown Rugose Fruit Virus (ToBRFV)

Tomato Brown Rugose Fruit Virus (ToBRFV) is a recently discovered species that emerged in Israel around 2014.

Since then outbreaks have been seen all over the world including a recent outbreak in the UK. Tomato Brown Rugose Fruit Virus (ToBRFV) is a pathogen that can infect tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum) and pepper (Capsicum sp.). Tomato is the main crop impacted by ToBRFV. The virus is problematic, as it has the ability to overcome all known genetic tobamovirus resistances and cause severe fruit symptoms. This is a test using plant material.  Seeds are currently tested under the UK statutory requirements.

Fera Science is at the forefront of the research and development for this virus disease, collaborating with the AHDB and growers.


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Symptoms

Common symptoms include crumpling or puckered leaves including pale patches developing on the younger leaves of the plant.    Brown (necrotic) streaks may develop on stems with fruit developing  chlorotic marbling which can appear similar to infection with Pepino mosaic virus.  Fruit may develop brown wrinkled (rugose) patches.

Tomato Brown Rugose Fruit virus  is a tobamovirus and is related to Tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) and  Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV).  This new  virus can overcome the Tm-22 resistance gene.   At present there is no reported tomato resistance to ToBRFV. which means that current TMV and ToMV resistant tomato and pepper  varieties will be susceptible to this new virus (ToBRFV).

It is thought that sources of infection are coming via seed, propagation material or from direct contact via contaminated clothing, tools and hands.




Fera Science is at the forefront of the research and development for this virus disease, collaborating with the AHDB and growers. This is a test using plant material.

Seeds are currently tested under the UK statutory requirements.Fera's Plant Clinic is the largest in the UK. Our work supports healthy plants and crops, increasing sustainable food production and protecting the environment.

We can identify plant pests and pathogens found in arable crops, vegetables, trees, ornamental plants, protected edibles, seeds, soft fruit, turf and water.


Test your sample for Tomato Brown Rugose Fruit Virus:

1. Download the product order form and complete for each product you wish to be analysed


Crop Health Sample


2. Send this product order form to Fera via


plantclinic@fera.co.uk

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