Potato brown rot & ring rot (Official EU Protocol) - Ralstonia solanacearum & Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus

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Potato brown rot & ring rot (Official EU Protocol) - Ralstonia solanacearum & Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus
  • Accreditation
    Yes
  • Minimum Sample
    200 Tubers
  • Minimum no. of samples required
    1
  • Standard Turnaround
    5 working days

Both are quarantine diseases of potato listed in the EC Plant Health Directive and are notifiable in the UK. Their introduction would have serious financial implications for potato producers in UK through significant crop losses if they were to become established.

Both bacteria can cause wilting of the potato plant but the symptoms you are most likely to see are in the tuber.

Ring rot is generally found in areas of cooler climates, and is especially prevalent in Eastern and Northern Europe. Bacterial ring rot of potato is caused by the bacterium Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus. Yield losses are caused by tuber rotting and can reach 50%.

Brown rot is caused by the bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum. Yield losses are mostly caused by tuber rotting.

Samples from Abroad: When sending plant pathogens and invertebrate samples from outside England and Wales for testing please email the Crop health team (crophealth@fera.co.uk) who will issue you with the relevant Letter of Authority to ensure your samples are not delayed upon entry to the UK.

Submitting your Sample

When submitting your sample please follow the guidelines outlined within our sample shipping information.

The relevant signed sample submission form must be included (in a separate bag if sample is damp); failure to send a sample submission form may result in a delay of your sample being tested and make diagnosis more difficult. To help us process your samples in the most efficient way please fill in as much information as possible on the relevant form below. Please ensure you provide your email address, 'Your Ref', 'Purchase order no' and 'Name and Address for Invoice' in the sections where applicable.

Download the sample submission form here

More Information

A number of bacterial pathogens are capable of causing rots of potato tubers, most importantly during storage of the crop. The pathogen found most frequently in the UK is Pectobacterium carotovorum , but Pectobacterium atrosepticum and Dickeya species may also be involved.Tuber rotting can also develop following infection by the quarantine organisms Ralstonia solanacearum (brown rot) and Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (ring rot). The majority of growers will, hopefully, never see either of these diseases, but should be aware of their symptoms.


Download the Factsheet

Detail

Specification

Method Used

Indirect immunofluorescence (IF) assay for ring rot and plating on semi-selective media for brown rot for initial screen. Molecular and host tests used for identification and confirmation.

Parameters

Bacterial

Sample Size

210 Tubers

Turnaround Time

5 working days

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