Ecotoxicology

  • Helping commercial companies to accurately assess the impacts of plant-protection products and veterinary medicines on a range of ecosystems and species.
  • Our Services
Ecotoxicology


What is ecotoxicology?

Ecotoxicology is the study of the effects of toxic chemicals on biological organisms, particularly at the ecosystem level. The goal of ecotoxicology testing is to predict the effects of pollution, so that the most efficient and effective actions can be identified to prevent or remediate any detrimental effects.


By Sector

plant protection products
Plant Protection Products (PPP)

See how Fera can help you expedite the discovery, early-stage development and safe manufacture of novel products for crop protection.

Work with a partner you can rely on.

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Veterinary medicines
Veterinary Medicines

Working with world-class facilities and instrumentation, applying decades of experience in regulatory consultancy to empower you to meet your veterinary medicines challenges.

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If you are a company developing veterinary products or plant protection products (PPPs), it’s essential that you fully assess the risks posed by your products to the wider environment and natural ecosystems. In the face of ever-tightening regulation and restrictions on the chemical options available, Fera can help you to develop effective, sustainable products that minimise ecosystem impacts and pollution, while maximising the beneficial effects for crops, plants and animals.  With a heritage dating back decades and a combined wealth of experience of over 500 years, Fera has some of the industry's most reputable names in ecotoxicology,  evaluating the environmental safety of plant protection products, pharmaceutical and veterinary products on behalf of companies seeking registration. This includes investigating the selectivity of products against a range of pests and their usual enemies in the laboratory and the field. Specialising in the fate and effects of substances in the environment, our ecotoxicology specialists are able to respond rapidly to requests for complex, in-depth environmental studies, whether laboratory, field or semi field studies.


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Our services 

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Aquatic Ecotoxicology

Chemical impact assessment is critical for the protection of the aquatic environment. It is important that testing assesses each of the trophic levels; photosynthetic organisms, herbivores and predatory organisms, including fish. 

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Higher Tier Risk Assessment

Newly-developed chemical compounds need to be safe for the plant and aquatic environment.  Our new state-of the-art E-Flows mesocosm and aquatic facilities provide a unique test-bed to demonstrate this 

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Bee Ecotoxicology Studies

Fera has the research expertise and scientific resources to help you test products for their effects on pollinator survival, development, and behaviour, enabling you to develop products that are safe for bees and other pollinators.


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Terrestrial Non-Target Arthropod

Our tests assess the potential effects of your products on seedling emergence and early growth, the effects on above-ground growth and on the soil, to determine any impacts on the reproductive capability of higher plants.

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Terrestrial Non-Target Plant

Non-target arthropods play an essential role in ecosystems as pest controllers. We have extensive experience in conducting studies with these non-target arthropods under laboratory, glasshouse, or semi-field conditions.

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Regulatory Risk Assessment

Access to experienced senior scientists across all scientific disciplines, we understand the relevant legislative frameworks and are uniquely positioned to assist you meet the regulatory requirements for crop protection registrations.


As an internationally renowned centre of excellence, Fera is uniquely positioned to assess the biological effect of chemicals and effluent discharges on the  environment. In addition to working for and with government departments, Fera's ecotoxicology service provides services to a range of industrial sectors, including veterinary medicine, chemical manufacturers/suppliers, water industry and pharmaceutical. Working within the multi-disciplinary environment of Fera, our ecotoxicology team have the experience and expertise to offer a broad range of acute, chronic and bespoke ecotoxicology studies and related services. We have a proven track record of providing regulatory testing to Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) compliancy. 

 Fera's well-equipped laboratories house facilities to test a wide variety of species ranging from microbes to large fish, and include modern laboratories designed for performing flow-through experiments on freshwater and marine species. Our scientists have broad research experience and capabilities, and have been involved in setting up new international test guidelines for ISO and OECD. Our scientists use their expertise, combined with advanced resources and GLP-compliant laboratories, to assess the impact of your products on aquatic plants and animals, terrestrial non-target plants, insects and microorganisms, bees and other pollinators. We work in partnership with you to devise and conduct the appropriate tests to provide the essential data you need for robust environmental risk assessments.

Meet some of the team


Steve Mattock

Steve Mattock

Steve is responsible for the management and delivery of ecotoxicology studies and the development and expansion of the business and science capabilities within the group.

Emma Wright

Emma Wright

Emma is a GLP study director focusing mainly on OECD laboratory tests including acute contact and oral tests for both honey bees and bumblebees, chronic 10-day feeding tests for honeybees and single and repeat dose tests for honeybee larvae.

Selwyn Wilkins

Selwyn Wilkins

Selwyn specialises in honey bee management, disease recognition diagnosis and control, extension to beekeepers, advice to policy and government and honey bee ecotoxicology.


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